microsoft office for non profits These managerial accounting questions correspond with effective cost assignment and optimal cash strategy tips for a small business enterprise-the appropriate combination of costs management strategies that maximizes the return and shareholders' wealth while minimizing the cost of operations, simultaneously. The American petroleum institute (API) released data showing a decline in U.S. crude oil and refined refining inventories, while gasoline inventories rose. Although an enterprise's internal trade fair eliminates or reduces some of the market transaction costs, it also brings with it the specific transaction costs of the enterprise. The main reason for this defect is also the incompleteness of information. Specifically, first, there are various contractual relationships among enterprises, including contractual relationship between enterprises and workers, contractual relationship between enterprises and managers, etc. The enterprise should supervise the work of the workers and products that it employs, as well as the managers and other personnel, and induces them to work hard for the enterprise. So, companies are signing contracts and spending on oversight and incentives. Secondly, on the one hand, corporate decision makers often need to obtain information from subordinates. On the other hand, the decision-making information of the upper level of the enterprise should be realized by passing it to the subordinate. The information transmission of these two different directions will be distorted by the increase of subordination of enterprise scale, resulting in the loss of enterprise efficiency. Once again, the subordinate of the enterprise often conceals or passes the wrong information to the superior for selfish motives, so that the superior can make decisions that benefit the subordinate. Or, the subordinate's decision to the superior only passes or executes the part that is advantageous to oneself. These will result in the loss of enterprise efficiency. Thus, the expansion of enterprises is limited. According to coase's theory, the scale of the enterprise should be expanded to this point, that is at this point to increase the cost of an internal exchange cost equals the cost through the market exchange cost and so on. Above all, they can avoid meddling in parliamentary politics, as the ECB did when Italy's silvio berlusconi government collapsed in 2011. Then they can lower their heads and hope for the best. It is not obvious in some analyses, but it is important to note that economic profits include opportunity costs. The profit of an entrepreneur (normal profit) is usually positive, but economic profit can be either positive or negative (loss). That's why the opportunity cost is included: in a completely competitive market, when marginal cost equals marginal revenue, profit maximization or loss minimization conditions arise. If the market price is lower than the total average cost, which means that the economic profit is negative, the entrepreneur needs to compare the value of the loss and the average variable cost. If the business continues to operate, the negative economic profit must not be lower than the average variable cost, otherwise the entrepreneur would rather shut down the company than continue to take the loss.