profit margin per unit The income or loss of equity investment in an enterprise refers to the balance of the income of the enterprise due to the withdrawal, transfer or liquidation of the equity investment. The income from the transfer of equity investment shall be incorporated into the taxable income of the enterprise and shall pay the enterprise income tax according to law. Commercial vehicles: vehicles used for transporting personnel and goods in design and technical features, and can be tractor-trailer. Passenger cars are not included. Commercial vehicles are divided into three categories: passenger cars, vans and semi-trailer tractors. The passenger bus subdivided into small passenger car, city bus, coach, tourist bus, articulated bus, coach, cross-country coach and private bus. Goods vehicles are subdivided into general goods vehicles, multi-purpose lorries, full trailer tractors, off-road trucks, special operations vehicles and special goods vehicles. But the DRAM and NAND semiconductor industries have gone from boom to bust in the face of rising prices and the abundance of falling prices. Will it be any different this time? Or is the need for mobile device memory and disk replacement sufficient to continue to delay the abundance until the foreseeable future? The category of surplus value clearly reflects the antagonism between capital and labor, because it is the multiplication of variable capital and is possessed by the capitalist without compensation; And the category of profit, it seems, means that capital itself can create a new value. This reversal is the inevitable product of capitalist mode of production. First, because the constant capital + variable capital (c+v) consumed by the capitalist production is converted into cost price, thus concealing the essential difference between the invariant capital (c) and the variable capital (v); Second, because Labour costs into wages, show the labor remuneration, so surplus value into profit, has nothing to do with laborer labor, virtually the only product of the total capital; Finally, the surplus value into profit, on the premise of rate of surplus value into profit margins, namely by means of profit margins, only costs more than the forehead has translate into profits, further into the upfront costs in a certain cycle period more than the balance of its own price. In real life, industry companies is usually based on the established level of profitability, and then obtained the expected LiRunLiang on profit margins by prepaid cost, but it is not a subjective illusion, but objectively completely possible. The scientific argument and practice shows that this profit is actually the increment of variable cost. In short, profit is an intrinsic or an entity, while the rest is an external phenomenon or form. In the late 19th and early 20th century, with the transition from free capitalism to monopoly capitalism, the factory itself had undergone complex and profound changes. Constantly adopt new technology to make the production rapid development; The scale of production keeps expanding, competition intensifies, and a large-scale monopoly enterprise is produced. The separation of rights and ownership and the formation of a professional management stratum; The scientific management system has been established, and a series of scientific management theories have been formed to make the enterprises mature and become modern enterprises. Someone asked: "is value subjective or objective?" In fact, the formulation of this question does not accord with dialectical materialism. Because if that value is an objective rather than subjective, which he said is equal to the value only from the objective existence of its form, without subjective reflection of form and at the same time, the or value of the objective things can't be human understanding, that an agnostic mire; On the contrary, if think value is subjective, not objective, it is said that only a reflection of its subjective value form, rather than the form of the objective and at the same time, the value is entirely subjective since birth, not the reflection of objective things, which in turn into a mire of idealism. 5. The sealing ring of the gasoline pump in the trunk or lower part of the seat is damaged.