define profitability Accounting earnings include only realized gains, and exclude unrealized gains and losses, the economic benefits will be enterprise's operating earnings and are favorable to the same treatment, regardless of whether they have been implemented. Thus, in general, accounting gains are less than economic gains, and the difference is mainly in the interest. displacement Followed by Edwards and bear published in his 1961 book "the theory of corporate earnings and measurement of the current operating profit is defined as the sales revenue more than the amount of current production and cost of sales, which can realize the cost savings is in this issue of asset price increases, which can realize the history of the cost savings are the pin commodity costs and the difference between the current purchase price; The realized capital gains are the amount of sales revenue greater than the historical cost when dealing with long-term assets. They argue that "these incremental sums provide investors with a reasonable starting point for measuring the scale of relative affluence and a detailed analysis of the company's operating results and comparable financial conditions". They stress that any full income analysis should take into account both realized and unrealized benefits and classify them by source. When are advantageous to occur, such as no record, will not only lead to current income can't reflect, but also can lead to later to sell assets to income and related costs to wrong ratio; Operating earnings and, on the other hand, the production gains is usually produced by different management decisions, and adopted different circulation form, therefore, make the same comment on both, will weaken the role of the income statement. Famous British economist hicks and others argue that the above theory did not consider the factor of income, and therefore unable to determine the level of interest rates, in 1937, and puts forward the is-lm model on the basis of general equilibrium theory. It establishes a theory of interest rates and income at the same time that the four factors of savings and investment, money supply and monetary demand interact.