operating profit ratios 6. Clarity. Plan should be clearly expresses the organization's goals and tasks, clearly expresses the resources necessary to achieve goals and taken by the procedures, methods and means, explicitly expresses the managers at all levels in the rights and duties in the process of execution plan. Do not close yourself, do not imprison your thoughts, dare to deny yourself, and deny your past mistakes. To deny an error means to get it right. Through further study, what you get is no longer a matter of knowledge, but the improvement of cognitive ability, the improvement of analytical ability and the improvement of self-confidence, thus improving the operation ability. More than a decade ago, I learned that speculators are the buyers of market risk, buying the risks inherent in social and economic activities, and achieving profit by operating and managing risks. We are always unable to grasp the market correctly, not because we are stupid, but because we are the buyers and bearers of risk, and we are the footer of social economic risk. And society and business sell us the business risk. We take risks and more accurately, we generate losses to meet the risks of social and economic activities and maintain the normal operation of the social economy, which is the essence of the futures market. Essentially, individual speculators is equivalent to the asset management company, by buying risky assets to achieve the purpose of profit, which is you want to have change decayed for magical ability, to achieve such a request, your learning path will be endless. [R esponding to suggest continued low interest rates and bond purchases at the limiting the central bank's room for manoeuvre in the case of an economic downturn, draghi said the drop was a "the possibility of more distant than it was a year ago". Managing a business's operations, marketing and purchases activities and expense management are just some from the decisions that management needs to deal with. After they have designed a assist the company will then must decide what to do with those profits. Among the choices for using income is: operations, returning cash to shareholders, or keeping profit reserve for future use. In this article we discuss how you can calculate expanding the figure that's reported as retained earnings on balance sheets and presenting a review of why a company would want to keep a reserve.